Dean Billy S. Guyton Lecture on the History of Medicine. Jackson, USA, 1998/04/14.
Hippocrates (460-370 BCE), the father of medicine, developed principles for medical diagnosis and treatment together with a code of ethics.
When the first Ptolemy ruled Egypt, he created a great library of 700,000 rolls at Alexandria, which became a repository for the works of Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Hippocrates, and all the writings of the known world, but it was destroyed by a great fire.
Galen of Pergamum (129-216), who lived 500 years after Hippocrates, was well educated and studied anatomy, surgery, drugs and Hippocratic medicine.
His ideas influenced medical thinking for the next 1500 years.
The Arabic physician Ibn Sina (Avicenna) wrote a great medical work entitled Canon of Medicine.
After the Dark Ages (500 to 1050), academic medicine was reestablished in Europe, especially at Salerno, Bologna, Padua, Paris, Montpellier, and Oxford.
The greatest medical disaster of the Middle Ages was the Black Death.
Other diseases of note were leprosy, smallpox, tuberculosis, typhus, measles, diarrhea, meningitis, and colic.
As interest in human dissection increased, the study of anatomy became popular.
With development of the printing press, medical knowledge became more widely disseminated and technical advances in science flourished.
Advances in medicine occurred in concert with developments in technology. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Médecine, Ethique, Bibliothèque, Enseignement, Recherche scientifique, Biologie clinique, Historique, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Medicine, Ethics, Library, Teaching, Scientific research, Clinical biology, Case history, Human
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Code Inist : 002B30A09. Création : 22/03/2000.