We review recent trends in HIV associated with injecting drug use (IDU) in the Newly Independent States (NIS) in eastern Europe, including Belarus, Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan in central Asia.
We aim to draw attention to the social and economic « risk environments » in which rapid HIV spread among IDUs has occurred.
Findings draw on centrally registered HIV surveillance data, published research studies and assessment reports funded by international development agencies.
Since 1995, there is evidence of rapid HIV spread in Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Russia and Ukraine, with estimates suggesting between 50% and 90% of new HIV infections among IDUs.
At the same time, there have been rapid increases in the incidence of syphilis and declines in health and welfare status, including outbreaks of diphtheria, tuberculosis and cholera.
Findings emphasize the potential influence of the social and economic context in creating the risk environments'conducive to HIV and epidemic spread.
Key factors include :
rapid diffusions in IDU ;
population migration and mixing ;
economic transition and decline ;
increasing unemployment and impoverishment ;
the growth of informal economies ;
modes of drug production, distribution and consumption ;
declines in public health revenue and infrastructure ;
and political, ideological and cultural transition. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicomanie, Facteur risque, SIDA, Virose, Infection, Europe Est, Europe, Santé mentale, Environnement social, Statut socioéconomique, Evolution, Homme, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drug addiction, Risk factor, AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Eastern Europe, Europe, Mental health, Social environment, Socioeconomic status, Evolution, Human, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0471734
Code Inist : 002B18H05B. Création : 22/03/2000.