The objective of this paper is to identify conditions, factors and methods, which empower women and mothers (WAM) for social action and health promotion movements.
WAM are the primary caregivers in almost all cultures ; they have demonstrated bold leadership under extreme adversity.
Consequently, when empowered and involved, WAM can be effective partners in health promotion programs.
The methodology includes a meta-analysis of 40 exemplary case studies from across the world, which meet predetermined criteria, to draw implications for social action and health promotion.
Cases were selected from industrialized and less-industrialized nations and from four problem domains affecting quality of life and health : (I) human rights, (2) women's equal rights, (3) economic enhancement and (4) health promotion.
Content analysis extracted data from all cases on six dimensions : (1) problem, (2) impetus/leadership, (3) macro-environment, (4) methods used, (5) partners/opponents and (6) impact.
Analysis identified seven methods frequently used to EMPOWER (acronym) : empowerment education and training, media use and advocacy, public education and participation, organizing associations and unions, work training and micro-enterprise, enabling services and support, and rights protection and promotion.
Cochran's Q test confirmed significant differences in the frequencies of methods used. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Homme, Femelle, Mère, Métaanalyse, Promotion santé, Participation, Analyse, International, Système santé, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : United States, North America, America, Human, Female, Mother, Metaanalysis, Health promotion, Participation, Analysis, International, Health system, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0470325
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 22/03/2000.