To identify where and how middle school students acquire cigarettes and to describe factors associated with being asked for identification during their purchase.
A modified version of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Youth Risk Behavior Survey was administered to 2227 sixththrough eighth-grade students attending 53 randomly selected middle schools in North Carolina in 1995.
Data were analyzed with Chi-square tests, Cramer V, Kruskal-Wallis nalysis of variance, and multiple logistic regression using the likelihood ratio approach.
Of the students who had smoked during the previous 30 days, 497 (22.8%) were the focus of the analyses.
Fifty-eight percent of current smokers were male and 69% were white.
The most frequent source of cigarettes was borrowing (32.1%). Only 16.9% of the students had purchased cigarettes from a store, and 3.9% had purchased cigarettes from a vending machine.
Females were more likely (p<. 006) than males to borrow or to have someone else buy cigarettes for them.
Males were more likely (p<. 006) than females to buy cigarettes from a store or vending machine or to steal them.
Students who purchased cigarettes from a store or vending machine were more likely (p<. 032) than other smokers to be >=1 year older than expected for their school grade.
Among the 197 students who had purchased cigarettes during the previous 30 days, only 14.2% had been asked for proof of age. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tabagisme, Accessibilité, Cigarette, Vente, Caroline du Nord, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tobacco smoking, Accessibility, Cigarette, Sales, North Carolina, United States, North America, America, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0469955
Code Inist : 002B18C05C. Création : 22/03/2000.