To examine the general dieting behavior and characteristics of adolescent girls in the United Kingdom, and in particular, the Northwest of England.
A total of 569 girls, ages 11-15 years, from six schools in the Merseyside and Lancashire area, representing a cross-section of social status, completed a nonstandardized questionnaire concerning general dieting behavior.
05 was considered significant).
The incidence of dieting was 35.3%. The earliest reported age of starting to diet was 8 years.
Significantly more girls from the independent schools (45.2%) had started to diet by the age of 10 years, compared to girls from the comprehensive schools (24%) (p=03).
Of those who had dieted, 30.3% had dieted up to two times during the previous 12 months, 17.4% had dieted up to four times, and 6% had dieted for most of the time.
Most girls (33%) dieted for 2-4 weeks at a time, and 66% thought that dieting was good for their health.
Only 52% said their parents did not approve of them dieting.
Most girls (42.1%) dieted because they felt they were too fat.
This study has shown that many young girls are engaging in potentially harmful dieting practices from a very early age, and are of the opinion that dieting is a healthy activity.
This would suggest that many misconceptions are held with regard to nutritional advice and education, and that such information should be reviewed and changed accordingly.
Mots-clés Pascal : Comportement alimentaire, Adolescent, Homme, Femelle, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Prévalence, Autocontrôle, Régime alimentaire restrictif, Statut social, Age apparition, Epidémiologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Feeding behavior, Adolescent, Human, Female, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Prevalence, Self control, Restricted diet, Social status, Age of onset, Epidemiology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0469653
Code Inist : 002A16E. Création : 22/03/2000.