This paper assesses the impact on human health of exposure to current levels of environmental contaminants in the Canadian Arctic, and identifies the data gaps that need to be filled by future human health research and monitoring.
The concept of health in indigenous groups of the Arctic includes social, cultural, and spiritual dimensions.
The harvesting, sharing and consumption of traditional foods are an integral component to good health among Aboriginal people influencing both physical health and social well-being.
Traditional foods are also an economic necessity in many communities.
Consequently, the contamination of country food raises problems which go far beyond the usual confines of public health and cannot be resolved by health advisories or food substitutions alone.
The primary exposure pathway for the contaminants considered in this paper is through the traditional northern diet.
For the Inuit, the OCs of primary concern at this time from the point of view of exposure are chlordane, toxaphene, and PCBs.
Exposures are higher in the eastern than in the western region of the North.
For Dene/Metis, exposure to OCs is in general below a level of concern.
However, estimated intake of chlordane and toxaphene has been found to be elevated for certain groups and is a cause for concern if exposures are elevated on a regular basis. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pollution, Environnement, Santé et environnement, Homme, Canada, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Arctique, Aborigène, Autochtone, Alimentation, Contamination, Article synthèse, Inuk
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Pollution, Environment, Health and environment, Human, Canada, North America, America, Arctic Region, Aboriginal, Autochtonous, Feeding, Contamination, Review
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0466598
Code Inist : 002B03M01. Création : 22/03/2000.