Sexually transmitted diseases in a health maintenance organization teen clinic : Associations of race, partner's age, and marijuana use.
To determine the role of sociodemographic risk markers and behavioral risk factors associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in sexually experienced youth seeking care at an urban, general health maintenance organization teen clinic.
A consecutive, racially and ethnically diverse sample of 285 sexually experienced youth who were preponderantly female (58.6%) and who were aged 16.7 years on average.
All participants completed a self-report questionnaire and were screened for Chlamydia trachomatis using the ligase chain reaction technique and for Neisseria gonorrhoeae and other STDs using conventional methods.
Many of these youth were at high risk for STDs, having a self-reported history of sex with multiple partners (49.1%), sex with a new partner (42.5%), inconsistent use of condoms (71.9%), and frequent substance use (24.5% used marijuana 1-2 times per week or more).
Sexually transmitted disease screening revealed that 11.6% of the participants had 1 or more STDs.
A logistic regression analysis to determine the best model for predicting STDs indicated that youth who are African American (odds ratio, 3.34 ; 95% confidence interval, 1.52-7.35), had sexual partners who were 2 or more years older (odds ratio, 2.63,95% confidence interval, 1.22-5.67), and used marijuana 1 to 2 times or more per week (odds ratio, 2.27 ; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-5. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Maladie sexuellement transmissible, Facteur risque, Marqueur, Questionnaire, Prise décision, Dépistage, Race, Adolescent, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Sexually transmitted disease, Risk factor, Marker, Questionnaire, Decision making, Medical screening, Race, Adolescent, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0466273
Code Inist : 002B30A04D. Création : 22/03/2000.