To determine which factors contribute to the decision to admit individuals to psychiatric wards in general hospitals.
Data on 1,379 individuals undergoing psychiatric evaluation in eight emergency rooms in a region of central Italy were collected.
A logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the likelihood of psychiatric admission considering the independent effects of demographic, social, and clinical factors and of the history of psychiatric treatment.
The adjusted odds ratio for psychiatric admission significantly increased with the following variables :
severity of symptoms ;
presence of paranoid states and schizophrenic psychoses, affective psychoses and acute psychotic conditions (with neurotic disorders used as reference) ;
a history of outpatient treatment ;
the presence of a staff member of a community mental health facility upon presentation at the emergency room ;
and the availability of beds in the psychiatric ward.
The independent effect played by the presence of a staff member of a community mental health facility is of particular interest, suggesting the existence of a collaborative relationship between inpatient and outpatient services.
Mots-clés Pascal : Critère décision, Admission hôpital, Trouble psychiatrique, Service santé, Hôpital général, Service urgence, Indice gravité, Symptomatologie, Antécédent, Equipe soignante, Personnel sanitaire, Equipement santé, Epidémiologie, Santé mentale, Environnement social, Italie, Europe, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Decision criterion, Hospital admission, Mental disorder, Health service, General hospital, Emergency department, Severity score, Symptomatology, Antecedent, Health care staff, Health staff, Health facility, Epidemiology, Mental health, Social environment, Italy, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0465803
Code Inist : 002B18I09. Création : 22/03/2000.