The aims of this two-stage epidemiological study were :
to determine the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the general population of the island of Formentera (Balearic Isles, Spain) ;
to provide reference data for subsequent health care planning ;
and to test a relatively new assessment instrument, the Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN), in a community study.
It was designed as a cross-sectional two-stage community study using the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) at stage one (N=697), and the SCAN at stage two (N=242).
Estimated prevalence of disorders was 21.4% according to the ICD-10 classification system.
Neurotic and somatoform disorders were the most prevalent, followed by substance-related, sleep and mood disorders.
Total prevalence of mental disorders showed no significant differences according to sex.
As regards age, mood and anxiety disorders were most prevalent in the 30-to 50-year age group, and sleep disorders were more prevalent in the older group.
Prevalences of mental disorders in Formentera are higher than those found in two-stage studies in other countries and similar to those found in most studies in Spain, despite the variety of the instruments used.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trouble psychiatrique, Prévalence, Baléares, Espagne, Europe, General Health Questionnaire Goldberg, Questionnaire, Entretien clinique, Assistance ordinateur, Validation test, Psychométrie, Sexe, Age, Sénescence, Etude comparative, Epidémiologie, Environnement social, Homme, Santé mentale, Ile Formentera, Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry Wing et al
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mental disorder, Prevalence, Balearic Islands, Spain, Europe, General Health Questionnaire Goldberg, Questionnaire, Clinical interview, Computer aid, Test validation, Psychometrics, Sex, Age, Senescence, Comparative study, Epidemiology, Social environment, Human, Mental health
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0465797
Code Inist : 002B18B01. Création : 22/03/2000.