In the Seven Countries Study, associations between the intake of food-groups and 25-year mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD, defined as sudden coronary death or fatal myocardial infarction) were investigated.
Baseline surveys were carried out between 1958 and 1964.
A number of individual characteristics were measured in 12,763 middle-aged men belonging to 16 cohorts in seven countries (USA, Finland, The Netherlands, Italy, former Yugoslavia, Greece and Japan).
Dietary information was collected in sub-samples using the weighed record method.
Vital status of all participants was verified at regular intervals during 25 years of follow-up and the underlying cause of death was adjudicated.
Eighteen different food-groups and combinations were considered for comparison among cohorts.
Large differences in food-group consumption were seen, with high consumption of dairy products in Northern Europe, meat in the USA, vegetables, legumes, fish, and wine in Southern Europe, and cereals, soy products, and fish in Japan.
Population death rates from CHD showed large differences, ranging from 268 per 1000 in East Finland to 25 per 1000 in Crete, Greece.
Animal food-groups were directly correlated, and vegetable food-groups (except potatoes) as well as fish and alcohol were inversely correlated with CHD mortality.
Univariate analysis showed significant positive correlation coefficients for butter (R=0.887), meat (R=0.645), pastries (R=0.752), and milk (R=0. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Régime alimentaire, Aspect culturel, Mortalité, Cardiopathie coronaire, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Homme, Etude multicentrique, Alimentation, Appareil circulatoire pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Diet, Cultural aspect, Mortality, Coronary heart disease, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Human, Multicenter study, Feeding, Cardiovascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0465061
Code Inist : 002B12A03. Création : 22/03/2000.