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  1. Mortality among workers in an Italian cigarette factory.

    Article - En anglais

    A cohort study was conducted to evaluate he mortality pattern among female and male workers in a cigarette factory.

    The study followed 972 female workers and 761 male workers with at least 6 months of cumulative employment from 1 January 1962 through 1 July 1996.

    Among women, mortality from all causes of death [standardized mortality ratio (SMR)=0.9 ; 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.8-1.1] and mortality from all malignant neoplasms (SMR=1.1 ; Cl=0.9-1.3) were consistent with reference rates.

    Male workers had a significantly reduced overall mortality (SMR=0.8 ; Cl=0.7-0.9), while mortality from all malignant neoplasms was as expected (SMR=0.9 ; CI=0.7-1.0).

    Among female workers the frequencies of deaths from diseases of nervous system (SMR=2.0 ; CI=1.1-3.4) and from non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) (SMR 2.7 : CI=1.0-5.6) were elevated at a statistically significant level.

    No association between duration of employment and diseases of nervous system was observed.

    A higher risk for NHL, based on three deaths, was reported among female workers with 15 or more years of employment (SMR=8.1 ; Cl=2.2-21.0).

    Although based on small numbers, the excess of NHL here reported suggests that potential exposure to foliar residues of pesticides should be thoroughly considered in tobacco manufacturing.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Usine, Fabrication, Cigarette, Tabac, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Homme, Italie, Europe, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Pesticide, Résidu, Etude cohorte, Lymphome non hodgkinien

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Industrial plant, Manufacturing, Cigarette, Tobacco, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Human, Italy, Europe, Epidemiology, Mortality, Pesticides, Residue, Cohort study, Non Hodgkin lymphoma

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0465003

    Code Inist : 002B03F. Création : 22/03/2000.