Microsatellite instability associated with hepatocarcinogenesis.
The biological and clinicopathological significance of microsatellite instability in hepatocellular carcinoma still remains to be determined.
The aim of this study was to assess the role of microsatellite instability in hepatocarcinogenesis.
Genomic DNA extracted from 38 fresh samples of hepatocellular carcinoma was amplified by polymerase chain reaction using 29 fluorescence-labeled microsatellite markers and analyzed using a semi-automated laser scanning system.
Associations between the incidence of replication error and the clinicopathological features of hepatocellular carcinoma were evaluated.
Since reference DNA was extracted from corresponding fresh samples of non-cancerous liver tissue, the incidence of microsatellite instability in non-cancerous liver tissues was not assessed in this study.
Four (11%) hepatocellular carcinomas had a replication error in one or two microsatellite markers ; they were all poorly differentiated hepatocellular carcinomas.
The incidence of replication error correlated significantly with the histological differentiation of the tumor (p<0.05) and with portal vein involvement (p<0.05).
All four hepatocellular carcinomas with replication errors showed loss of heterozygosity in one or more of the 29 markers we examined. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Carcinome hépatocellulaire, Physiopathologie, Chromosome, Satellite, Instabilité, Facteur risque, Réplication, Erreur, Association, Perte hétérozygotie, Marqueur tumoral, Evaluation, Incidence, Homme, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Tumeur maligne, Biologie cellulaire, Immunopathologie, Déterminisme génétique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Hepatocellular carcinoma, Pathophysiology, Chromosome, Satellite, Instability, Risk factor, Replication, Error, Association, Loss of heterozygosity, Tumoral marker, Evaluation, Incidence, Human, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease, Malignant tumor, Cell biology, Immunopathology, Genetic determinism
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0464399
Code Inist : 002B24O06. Création : 22/03/2000.