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  1. Fulltext. Wine, beer, and mortality in middle-aged men from eastern France.

    Article - En anglais

    Fulltext.

    Objective 

    To evaluate prospectively the health risk of wine and beer drinking in middle-aged men in the area of Nancy, France.

    Design 

    Prospective cohort study.

    Subjects 

    A total of 36 250 healthy men who underwent comprehensive health appraisals in a center of preventive medicine between January 1,1978, and December 31,1983.

    Main Outcome Measures 

    Education, professional and leisure activities, and smoking and drinking habits were evaluated using a questionnaire.

    Blood pressure and mean corpuscular volume and gamma-glutamyltransferase, glucose, and serum cholesterol levels were routinely measured, and electrocardiography was routinely performed.

    We recorded mortality from all causes and specific causes during a 12-to 18-year follow-up across categories of baseline alcohol consumption.

    Results 

    Of the subjects, 28% drank beer, 61% drank wine but no beer, and 11% were abstainers ; there was not much difference between social classes.

    During the follow-up, 3617 subjects died

    The relative risk of death was estimated by the Cox proportional hazards model using nondrinkers as the reference and adjusting for 4 or 5 covariables.

    Moderate intake of both wine and beer was associated with lower relative risk for cardiovascular diseases ; the risk was more significant with the intake of wine.

    For all-cause mortality, only daily wine intake (22-32 g of alcohol) was associated with a lower risk (0.67 ; 95% confidence interval, 0.58-0.77 ; P<. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Mâle, Age mûr, Est, France, Europe, Vin, Bière, Mortalité, Facteur risque, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Alcool

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, Male, Middle age, East, France, Europe, Wine, Beer, Mortality, Risk factor, Cardiovascular disease, Alcohol

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0461127

    Code Inist : 002B13A03. Création : 22/03/2000.