Objective To study predictors and consequences of unemployment.
Design Prospective cohort study.
Setting 11 construction companies in southern Finland.
Participants 586 male employees, aged 40-59 years at baseline in 1991 and not retired during a 4 year follow up.
Main outcome measures Long term unemployment, stress symptoms, disease, alcohol consumption, exercise activity, and body mass index.
Results In a multiple logistic regression model, long term unemployment (>24 months v <=24 months) was predicted by age 50-54 years v 40-44 years (odds ratio 2.0,95% confidence interval 1.1 to 3.7), <=3 years'employment in the presentjob (3.1,1.9 to 5.1), previous unemployment (2.1,1.2 to 3.8), being single (1.8,1. to 3.1), current smoking (2.6,1.4 to 4.7), high alcohol consumption (2.1,1. to 4.3), body mass index<23 kg/m2 v 23-29 kg/m2 (2.4,1.3 to 4.4), frequent stress symptoms (2.0,1.2 to 3.2), mental disorders (7.8,1.5 to 40.0), and skin diseases (2.0,1.0 to 3.9).
Workers who were unemployed long term reported increased stress (2.1,1.2 to 3.5) but fewer incident diseases (0.6,0.4 to 0.9), decreased alcohol consumption (2.9,1.6 to 5.2), increased exercise (1.9,1.2 to 3.0), and increased body mass index (2.3,1.3 to 4.0) compared with the rest of the cohorL Conclusions The workers'perceptions of work did not predict unemployment.
Health based selection to long term unemployment was shown. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Finlande, Europe, Epidémiologie, Homme, Mâle, Age, Santé, Chomage, Long terme, Etude cohorte, Stress, Morbidité, Exercice physique, Tabagisme, Consommation, Boisson alcoolisée
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Finland, Europe, Epidemiology, Human, Male, Age, Health, Unemployment, Long term, Cohort study, Stress, Morbidity, Physical exercise, Tobacco smoking, Consumption, Alcoholic beverage
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0459668
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 22/03/2000.