Success of Universal Salt lodization (USI) programme depends on availability of iodised salt to consumers, which should be reflected in their body iodine status.
From a monitoring study in Calcutta, it was found that all packed salts were iodised and most of them (98.1% at household level and 93.6% at retailers'outlets) had iodine at a level of >=15ppm.
Of the loose salts, 34.6% at household level and 19.9% at retailers'outlet had iodine level<15ppm.
A few number (0.5% at household level and 1.0% at retailers'outlets) of salts had no iodine.
To ascertain the impact of consumption of iodised salt iodine excreted in urine (UIE) was measured in school children of age between 8-12 years of south, east, west, north and central parts of Calcutta. 22.95% of male children and 31.81% of female children had urinary iodine level less than 50mug/l, which is cut off figure of public health concern.
Children from poor slum areas were found to be at greater risk.
Mots-clés Pascal : Déficit, Iode, Dépistage, Enfant, Homme, Inde, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Deficiency, Iodine, Medical screening, Child, Human, India, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0459418
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 22/03/2000.