Body iodine status in school children and availability of iodised salt in Calcutta.
Success of Universal Salt lodization (USI) programme depends on availability of iodised salt to consumers, which should be reflected in their body iodine status.
From a monitoring study in Calcutta, it was found that all packed salts were iodised and most of them (98.1% at household level and 93.6% at retailers'outlets) had iodine at a level of >=15ppm.
Of the loose salts, 34.6% at household level and 19.9% at retailers'outlet had iodine level<15ppm.
A few number (0.5% at household level and 1.0% at retailers'outlets) of salts had no iodine.
To ascertain the impact of consumption of iodised salt iodine excreted in urine (UIE) was measured in school children of age between 8-12 years of south, east, west, north and central parts of Calcutta. 22.95% of male children and 31.81% of female children had urinary iodine level less than 50mug/l, which is cut off figure of public health concern.
Children from poor slum areas were found to be at greater risk.
Mots-clés Pascal : Déficit, Iode, Dépistage, Enfant, Homme, Inde, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Deficiency, Iodine, Medical screening, Child, Human, India, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0459418
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 22/03/2000.