Over 70% of human cancers are associated with lifestyle and about half of cancer deaths could be prevented by relatively simple individual actions : no smoking, moderate consumption of alcohol, increased consumption of fruit and vegetables, avoidance of sunbathing, obesity and a too high consumption of saturated lipids.
Most of these efforts would also markedly decrease the incidence of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases.
However, the concept of prevention is currently neither well accepted nor understood by the medical community and the general public.
It is often felt that it restricts freedom, imposes a choice between pleasure and duty, and that passing judgement on lifestyle is a form of intolerance.
The case of tobacco illustrates the difficulties encountered by prevention, notably among adolescents.
The fight against smoking requires information, a societal approach (ban on advertising, increase in price), and a reduction of the example given by adult smoking (parents, peers, teachers, physicians, TV presenters, movie stars, have a great influence on adolescents), while tobacco cessation programs must be promoted.
The various approaches should be integrated into a global program of health prevention, including health education at school from 5 to 12 years of age.
The efficacy of each of the global program's components should be evaluated.
Misconceptions such as overestimation of the impact of pollution on health should also be corrected. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Tumeur maligne, Prévention, Tabagisme, Habitude alimentaire, Bronzage, Mode de vie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Malignant tumor, Prevention, Tobacco smoking, Food habit, Tanning, Life style, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0458058
Code Inist : 002B04B. Création : 22/03/2000.