Improving the health behaviours of elderly people : randomised controlled trial of a general practice education programme.
Objectives To establish the effect of an educational intervention for general practitioners on the health behaviours and wellbeing of elderly patients.
Design Randomised controlled trial with I year follow up.
Setting Metropolitan general practices in Melbourne, Australia.
Subjects 42 general practitioners and 267 of their patients aged over 65 years.
Intervention Educational and clinical practice audit programme for general practitioners on health promotion for elderly people.
Main outcome measures Patients'physical activity, functional status, self rated health, immunisation status, social contacts, psychological wellbeing, drug usage, and rate of influenza vaccination.
Primary efficacy variables were changes in outcome measures over 1 year period.
Results Patients in the intervention group had increased (a) walking by an average of 88 minutes per fortnight, (b) frequency of pleasurable activities, and (c) self rated health compared with the control group.
No change was seen in drug usage, rate of influenza vaccination, functional status, or psychological wellbeing as a result of the intervention.
Extrapolations of the known effect of these changes in behaviour suggest mortality could be reduced by 22% if activity was sustained for 5 years.
Conclusions Education of the general practitioners had a positive effect on health outcomes of their elderly patients.
General practitioners may have considerable public health impact in promotion of health for elderly patients.
Mots-clés Pascal : Programme enseignement, Médecin généraliste, Randomisation, Soin santé primaire, Influence, Bien être, Personne âgée, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Educational program, General practitioner, Randomization, Primary health care, Influence, Well being, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0456084
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 22/03/2000.