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  1. Proximate composition, mineral and amino acid content of mature Canavalia gladiata seeds.

    Article - En anglais

    The chemical composition and the nutritional quality of protein and carbohydrates of mature seeds of Canavalia gladiata (L.) were investigated.

    The whole and cotyledon flour of mature seeds contained ; crude protein 26.8 and 29.2% ; fat 2.8 and 3.1% ; fibre 33.2 and 10.2% ; ash 3.9 and 4.3% ; carbohydrate 33.3 and 53.2% on dry matter basis respectively.

    The carbohydrate fractions have starch contents of 30.7 and 39.6% and 27.7 and 34.6 mg g-low molecular weight carbohydrates on dry matter basis.

    The energy content of whole seed and cotyledon flour was 11,082 and 14,923 kJ kg-Sucrose represents the highest fraction of low molecular weight carbohydrates with fructose being the lowest.

    The mineral analysis showed K, Mg, Ca, P and S to be present in high quantities.

    The essential amino acid profile compared well with FAO/WHO recommended pattern except for sulphur containing amino acids, cysteine and methionine.

    Therefore the chemical composition of the raw mature seeds of Canavalia gladiata (kernel) indicates the bean to be a good supplement to cereal-based diets.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Farine complète, Farine légumineuse, Analyse immédiate, Analyse biochimique, Analyse minérale, Valeur énergétique, Fibre alimentaire, Ressource alimentaire, Aminoacide, Sri Lanka, Asie, Elément minéral, Culture tropicale, Aliment traditionnel, Maturité, Protéine végétale, Glucide, Valeur nutritive, Composition chimique, Légumineuse grain, Leguminosae, Dicotyledones, Angiospermae, Spermatophyta, Canavalia gladiata

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Wholemeal, Leguminous meal, Proximate analysis, Biochemical analysis, Inorganic analysis, Energetic value, Dietary fiber, Food supply, Aminoacid, Sri Lanka, Asia, Inorganic element, Tropical crop, Traditional food stuff, Maturity, Plant protein, Carbohydrate, Nutritive value, Chemical composition, Grain legume, Leguminosae, Dicotyledones, Angiospermae, Spermatophyta

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0454683

    Code Inist : 002A35B09. Création : 22/03/2000.