Regulatory and advisory bodies have to take into account the possibility that conventional toxicological screening and testing methods may be failing to pick up relevant effects, with the implication that testing may need to go down to much lower exposure levels and use specifically designed studies.
In the paper, attention is focused on the problems of understanding endocrine disrupting activity.
The shape of the dose-response curve for endocrine disrupters may differ from that normally associated with toxic chemicals (the monotonic sigmoid curve).
Thus, prediction of both the nature of the effects of potential endocrine disrupters and the intensity of those effects at different doses may be equally difficult.
Endocrine effects are not currently amenable to analysis by a single apical assay.
While existing toxicological tests can pick up many end-organ and functional effects that are relevant to endocrine disturbances, they are generally poor at exploring apparently subtle effects such as disturbances of brain endocrine homeostatic mechanisms which may be critical for normal development.
Mots-clés Pascal : Toxicité, Homme, Législation, Réglementation, Evaluation, Risque, Prédiction, Attitude, Prise conscience, Association toxique, Synergie, Importance, Phtalique acide ester butylbenzyle, Phtalique acide ester dibutyle, Perturbateur endocrinien
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Toxicity, Human, Legislation, Regulation, Evaluation, Risk, Prediction, Attitude, Awareness, Toxic association, Synergism, Endocrine disruptor
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0453346
Code Inist : 002B03M01. Création : 22/03/2000.