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  1. Global burden of tuberculosis : Estimated incidence, prevalence, and mortality by country.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective To estimate the risk and prevalence of Mycobaderium tuberculosis (MTB) infection and tuberculosis (TB) incidence, prevalence, and mortality, including disease attributable to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), for 212 countries in 1997.

    Participants A panel of 86 TB experts and epidemiologists from more than 40 countries was chosen by the World Health Organization (WHO), with final agreement being reached between country experts and WHO staff.

    Evidence Incidence of TB and mortality in each country was determined by (1) case notification to the WHO, (2) annual risk of infection data from tuberculin surveys, and (3) data on prevalence of smear-positive pulmonary disease from prevalence surveys.

    Estimates derived from relatively poor data were strongly influenced by panel member opinion.

    Objective estimates were derived from high-quality data collected recently by approved procedures.

    Consensus Process Agreement was reached by (1) participants reviewing methods and data and making provisional estimates in closed workshops held at WHO's 6 regional offices, (2) principal authors refining estimates using standard methods and all available data, and (3) country experts reviewing and adjusting these estimates and reaching final agreement with WHO staff.

    Conclusions In 1997, new cases of TB totaled an estimated 7.96 million (range, 6.3 million-11.1 million), including 3.52 million (2.8 million-4. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Tuberculose, Mycobactériose, Bactériose, Infection, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Prévalence, Mortalité, Homme, OMS, Etude multicentrique

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Tuberculosis, Mycobacterial infection, Bacteriosis, Infection, Epidemiology, Incidence, Prevalence, Mortality, Human, WHO, Multicenter study

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0449999

    Code Inist : 002B05B02O. Création : 22/03/2000.