Road safety in Europe. Conference. Bergisch Gladbach, DEU, 1998/09/21.
The influence of drug use and drug abuse on traffic safety in Slovenia was analysed in terms of the number of commissioned toxicological examinations for drugs and psychoactive medicines in cases involving traffic accidents and suspected driving under the influence of drugs.
The study included 462 records, 420 (91%) men and 42 women (9%). Between 1991 and 1997 a marked increase in commissioned toxicological examinations was observed.
A traffic accident had occurred in 169 (36.6%) of the records, while 293 (63,4%) drivers were suspected of driving under the influence ofdrugs (DUID) as a result of police controls.
One or more psychoactive drugs were found in 54.3% of the samples.
The majority (64.1%) of positive cases presented one drug in biological samples, 24.3% two, 11.6% three or more.
Cannabinoids were found in 33.2%, opiates in 23.8%, methadone in 19.4%, benzodiazepines in 14.1%, cocaine in 3.9%, amphetamines in 2.1% of positive cases.
Current traffic legislation classifies driving under the influence of methadone prescribed by a doctor as a minor offence.
Drug addicts, including those attending methadone programmes, do not meet the criteria prescribed for holders of driving licences.
Mots-clés Pascal : Trafic routier, Sécurité trafic, Analyse comportementale, Substance toxicomanogène, Conduite véhicule, Etude impact, Accident circulation, Toxicologie, Résultat, Législation, Slovénie, Europe, Congrès international
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Road traffic, Traffic safety, Behavioral analysis, Drug of abuse, Vehicle driving, Impact study, Traffic accident, Toxicology, Result, Legislation, Slovenia, Europe, International conference
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0447758
Code Inist : 001D15C. Création : 22/03/2000.