Aims We analysed whether generalized use of tirofiban plus heparin and aspirin might save direct healthcare costs, as compared with heparin and aspirin alone, in patients with acute coronary ischaemic syndromes in Switzerland.
Methods and Results We conducted an incremental cost-consequence analysis from the perspective of the admitting hospital for the period of the first 7 days.
Costs were analysed for the management of refractory ischaemic conditions and myocardial infarctions, including incremental days on the general ward or intensive care unit, as well as necessary revascularization procedures, and expressed in Swiss francs (CHF) and European currency units (ECU).
Drug costs were based on a loading dose of 0.4 mu. kg-1. min-1 and a maintenance dose of 0.1 mu. kg-1. min-1 for tirofiban at a cost of CHF 273.55 (ECU 166.50) per vial.
Heparin was administered at a loading dose of 5000U and a maintenance dose of 1000 U. h-1.
All calculations were standardized to 100 treated patients.
The costs of managing ischaemic complications were based on typical practice patterns in Swiss hospitals.
The incremental costs per patient of managing unstable angina patients with recurrent ischaemia or myocardial infarction were calculated as CHF23325 (ECU 14 198) and CHF 18 599 (ECU 11 321), respectively.
The incremental drug costs amounted to CHF82065 (ECU 49 954). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Ischémie, Myocarde, Aigu, Tirofiban, Hôpital, Analyse coût efficacité, Economie santé, Chimiothérapie, Traitement, Pronostic, Homme, Inhibiteur thromboagrégation, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie, Cardiopathie coronaire, Myocarde pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Ischemia, Myocardium, Acute, Tirofiban, Hospital, Cost efficiency analysis, Health economy, Chemotherapy, Treatment, Prognosis, Human, Antiplatelet agent, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease, Coronary heart disease, Myocardial disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0445831
Code Inist : 002B02G. Création : 22/03/2000.