To examine the child protection process in cases of severe physical abuse, to compare characteristics of the families with risk factors previously reported in the published literature, and to develop recommendations about the use of mental health professionals in such cases.
Reviewers examined 30 case records of severely physically abused children under age 5, nominated by child protection workers and mental health providers.
The reviewers recorded demographic, clinical, and case process information such as mental health and other referrals, reunification status, and frequency of criminal prosecution.
The parents displayed a range of psychological characteristics (e.g., depression, anxiety, personality disorders) and life problems (e.g., domestic violence, substance abuse, abused as child).
The majority of parents denied the abuse.
The children were very young (more than half under 6 months old) and many had difficult births or medical problems prior to the abuse.
The most common services offered were individual psychotherapy and parenting classes.
More than half of the children reunified with at least one parent within 1 year.
Forty percent of the cases involved criminal prosecution.
Reunification occurred more quickly and more often than expected based on the severity of the injuries. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Enfant maltraité, Protection personne, Services sociaux, Service santé, Santé mentale, Législation, Californie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Nourrisson, Homme, Enfant, Age préscolaire, Victimologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Child abuse, Person protection, Social assistance, Health service, Mental health, Legislation, California, United States, North America, America, Infant, Human, Child, Preschool age, Victimology
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0445082
Code Inist : 002B18F02. Création : 22/03/2000.