We studied profiles and drug histories of 294 cocaine users from 15 treatment services in Sao Paulo, Brazil during 1996-1997.
Mean age of subjects was 27 years, and 90% were male.
Over 50% had used five different substances apart from cocaine, usually tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, tranquilizers, and solvents.
Mean age at first cocaine use was 18.9 years by which time 87% had snorted the drug.
Thirty-two percent had injected cocaine, 82% had smoked crack, and 74% reported a full route transition.
Sixty-three percent reported daily cocaine use.
Median duration of cocaine use was 6.3 years.
Acts of acquisitive crime were common, and 56% had been arrested.
Our finding are discussed in terms of implications for prevention and treatment.
Mots-clés Pascal : Cocaïne, Drogue illicite, Consommation, Antécédent, Age apparition, Sénescence, Evolution, Comportement utilisateur, Environnement social, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Santé mentale, Homme, Ester
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Cocaine, Illicit drug, Consumption, Antecedent, Age of onset, Senescence, Evolution, User behavior, Social environment, Brazil, South America, America, Mental health, Human, Ester
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0444696
Code Inist : 002B18C05A. Création : 22/03/2000.