Affirmative action programs of all types are under attack legally and politically.
Although medical schools have not been specifically targeted, their affirmative action programs, like others in higher education, are potentially in danger.
This article examines the current legal status of affirmative action in medical education and concludes that a refurbished defense of such programs is essential if they are to survive impending judicial and political scrutiny.
An analysis of existing case law and available evidence suggests that a carefully reinvigorated diversity argument is the tactic most likely to pass constitutional muster, as well as the justification most likely to blunt growing public and political opposition to admissions policies that take race and ethnicity into consideration.
Mots-clés Pascal : Aspect politique, Aspect juridique, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Enseignement universitaire, Médecine, Personnel sanitaire, Formation professionnelle, Race, Ethnie, Inégalité, Etudiant, Secteur public, Secteur privé, Ecole spécialisée, Aspect social, Aspect philosophique, Admission, Mesure antidiscriminatoire
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Political aspect, Legal aspect, United States, North America, America, Higher education, Medicine, Health staff, Occupational training, Race, Ethnic group, Inequality, Student, Public sector, Private sector, Special school, Social aspect, Philosophical aspect, Affirmative action
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0438538
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 22/03/2000.