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  1. A multidisciplinary cross-sectional study on solvent-related health effects in painters compared with construction workers.

    Article - En anglais

    Objectives 

    The main aim of the study was to examine possible solvent-associated effects on the nervous system in currently employed painters.

    Special attention was paid to evaluate subtle health effects.

    Materials and methods 

    A total of 401 painters and 209 construction workers without solvent exposure with at least 10 years of professional experience were subjected to a clinical, neurological, psychiatric, neuropsychological and neurophysiological examination.

    For personal medical and occupational history, standardized questionnaires were used.

    A quantitative rating of exposure was obtained by expert rating of the respective occupational history without knowledge of the individual test results.

    Results 

    There was no excess of somatic disorders or solvent-associated adverse effects on the nervous system.

    No distinct effects of solvent exposure on nerve conduction velocities (NCV) or cognition were found.

    Discrete NCV deficits in painters were not considered a sign of subclinical polyneuropathy.

    Painters, however, reported an excess of specific symptoms that could be assigned to « mood and behaviour ».

    The differences between specific and non-specific questionnaire outcomes on the one hand and the positive correlation between chronic exposure index and symptom scores on the other hand support the hypothesis of solvent-induced effects.

    Because data is lacking on past solvent exposure, it is not possible to relate these effects to current exposure limits. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Solvant organique, Toxicité, Homme, Peintre en bâtiment, Industrie construction, Exposition professionnelle, Médecine travail, Epidémiologie, Allemagne, Europe, Système nerveux pathologie

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Organic solvent, Toxicity, Human, House painter, Construction industry, Occupational exposure, Occupational medicine, Epidemiology, Germany, Europe, Nervous system diseases

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0437926

    Code Inist : 002B03L04. Création : 22/03/2000.