Context Although the Turkish Medical Association has deemed « virginity examinations » a form of gender-based violence, women in Turkey are often subjected to such examinations by forensic physicians for both legal and social reasons.
Little is known about these physicians'role and attitudes in this practice.
Objectives To assess forensic physicians'experiences and attitudes regarding virginity examinations in Turkey and suggest potential solutions to the problems identified.
Design Cross-sectional self-administered survey.
Setting Surveys were completed during the Forensic Science Congress held in Kusadasi in April 1998 as well as in urban academic and medical practice settings between April and October 1998.
Participants Of 158 physicians who practice, are formally trained in, or are in training for forensic medicine, 118 completed the survey (response rate, 74.7%). Main Outcome Measures Frequency and circumstances of conducting virginity examinations, opinions regarding beneficial and adverse consequences of these examinations, and recommendations for changing the practice, as measured by a 100-item questionnaire.
Results Overall, survey respondents reported conducting 5901 examinations in the previous 12 months ; 4045 were conducted because of alleged sexual assault and 1856 for social reasons. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Virginité, Homme, Femelle, Médecin, Médecine légale, Sexualité, Exploration clinique, Pratique professionnelle, Expérience professionnelle, Evaluation, Ethique, Turquie, Asie, Droits fondamentaux
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Virginity, Human, Female, Physician, Legal medicine, Sexuality, Clinical investigation, Professional practice, Professional experience, Evaluation, Ethics, Turkey, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0437290
Code Inist : 002B30A10. Création : 22/03/2000.