The burden of disease among the global poor.
Background Global and regional estimates show that non-communicable diseases in old age are rising in importance relative to other causes of ill health as populations age, and as progress continues against communicable diseases among infants and children.
However, these estimates, which cover population groups at all income levels, do not accurately reflect conditions that prevail among the poor.
We estimated the burden of disease among the 20% of the global population living in countries with the lowest per capita incomes, compared with the 20% of the world's people living in the richest countries.
Methods Estimates for the global poorest and richest 20% were prepared for 1990 for deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), by a procedure used in a prominent recent study of the global disease burden.
Projected mortality rates in the year 2020 were established for the world's poorest and richest 20% under various assumptions about the future rate of decline in communicable and non-communicable diseases.
Findings In 1990, communicable diseases caused 59% of death and disability among the world's poorest 20%. Among the world's richest 20%, on the other hand, non-communicable diseases caused 85% of death and disability.
A raised baseline rate of communicable disease decline between 1990 and 2020 would increase life-expectancy among the world's poorest 20% around ten times as much as it would the richest 20% (4.1 vs 0.4 years). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Incapacité, Monde, Maladie contagieuse, Revenu, Etude comparative, Epidémiologie, Evolution, Etiologie, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Disability, World, Communicable disease, Tempering, Comparative study, Epidemiology, Evolution, Etiology, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0436437
Code Inist : 002B30A01A2. Création : 22/03/2000.