This article describes the working principles and working procedures of the Commission on Human Biological Monitoring, which was established in 1993 as a joint commission of the Federal Health Office (Bundesgesundheitsamt) and the Federal Environmental Agency (Umweltbundesamt) in Germany.
One of the main tasks of the commission is to develop scientifically based criteria for the application of human biological monitoring and for the evaluation of human monitoring data in environmental medicine.
In principle, two different kinds of criteria are recommended : (a) reference values and (b) human biological monitoring values (HBM values).
Reference values are intended to indicate the upper margin of the current background exposure of the general population to a given environmental toxin at a given time.
Reference values can be used to identify subjects with an increased level of exposure (in relation to background exposure) to a given environmental toxin.
However, reference values do not represent health-related criteria for the evaluation of human biological monitoring data.
HBM values are derived from human toxicology and epidemiology studies and are intended to be used as a basis for a health-related evaluation of human biological monitoring data.
Usually the commission recommends two different HBM values : HBM I. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Homme, Surveillance biologique, Recommandation, Polluant, Environnement, Liquide biologique, Taux, Allemagne, Europe, Santé et environnement, Valeur, Référence, Valeur référence
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Human, Biological monitoring, Recommendation, Pollutant, Environment, Biological fluid, Rate, Germany, Europe, Health and environment, Value, Reference
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0436320
Code Inist : 002B03M01. Création : 22/03/2000.