Three filters were tested for in situ efficacy in reducing bacterial contamination associated with injection drug use.
In a self-matched control design with blinded laboratory testing, injection drug users were adked to use 3 filters in random succession when loading their syringes with drug solute.
The 0.22-mum filter proved significantly better than both the cigarette filter (relative risk [RR]=18.0) and the 20-mum filter (RR=4.5) in rendering syringes bacteria-free.
The 15-to 20-mum syringe filter currently proveded injection drug users in Switzerland does not significantly reduced contamination associated with common bacterial infections among users.
Filters with pore with 1/100th as large are commended.
Mots-clés Pascal : Prévention, Bactériose, Infection, Contamination, Seringue, Voie intraveineuse, Aiguille, Toxicomanie, Homme, Filtre, Etude comparative, Suisse, Europe, Programme sanitaire, Diamètre, Pore, Risque infectieux
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Prevention, Bacteriosis, Infection, Contamination, Syringe, Intravenous administration, Needle, Drug addiction, Human, Filter, Comparative study, Switzerland, Europe, Sanitary program, Diameter, Pore, Infectious risk
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0436228
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 22/03/2000.