Social capital consists of features of social organization-such as trust between citizens, norms of reciprocity, and group membership-that facilitate collective action.
This article reports a contextual analysis fo sical capital and individual self-rated health, with adjustment for individual household income, health behaviors, and other covaraites.
Self-rated health ( « Is your overall health excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor ? ») was assessed among 167 259 individuals residing in 39 US states, samples by the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System.
Social capital indicators, aggregated to the state level, were obtained from the General Social Surveys.
Individual-level factors (e.g., low income, low education, smoking) were strongly associated with self-rated poor health.
However, even after adjustment for these proximal variables, a contextual effect of low social capital on risk of self-rated poor health was found.
For example, the odds ratio for fair or poor health associated with living in areas with the lowest levels of social trust was 1.41 (95% confidence interval=1.33,1.50) compared with living in high-trust states ?
These results extend previous findings on the healths advantages stemming from social capital.
Mots-clés Pascal : Groupe social, Facteur sociodémographique, Organisation sociale, Coopération, Santé, Homme, Epidémiologie, Facteur risque, Aspect social, Intégration sociale
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Social group, Sociodemographic factor, Social organization, Cooperation, Health, Human, Epidemiology, Risk factor, Social aspect, Social integration
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0435703
Code Inist : 002B30A01A1. Création : 22/03/2000.