The influence of an expert System for test ordering and interpretation on laboratory investigations.
The Laboratory Advisory System (LAS) is an expert system interface that works interactively with clinicians to assist them with test selection and result interpretation throughout the laboratory investigation of a patient.
To study the influence of the LAS on laboratory investigations, a repeated-measures experiment using clinical vignettes was conducted.
To collect baseline data on how laboratory investigations are currently conducted, clinicians investigated one-half of the vignettes using a conventional (noncomputer) approach.
To determine the influence of the LAS on clinicians'behavior, the other half of the vignettes were investigated using the LAS.
Clinicians using the LAS (compared with conventional practice) ordered fewer laboratory tests during the diagnostic process (mean, 17.8 vs 32.7), completed the diagnostic workup with fewer sample collections (mean, 5.8 vs 7.5), generated lower laboratory costs (mean, $194 vs $232), shortened the time required to reach a diagnosis (mean, 1 day vs 3.2 days), showed closer adherence to established clinical practice guidelines, and exhibited a more uniform and diagnostically successful investigation.
The LAS enhances the outcome of the investigation and improves laboratory utilization.
Mots-clés Pascal : Examen laboratoire, Indication, Interprétation, Assistance ordinateur, Système expert, Efficacité, Coût, Délai, Diagnostic, Aide décision, Thyroïde, Hépatite, Maladie autoimmune, Homme, Biologie clinique, Informatique biomédicale, Génie biomédical
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Laboratory investigations, Indication, Interpretation, Computer aid, Expert system, Efficiency, Costs, Time lag, Diagnosis, Decision aid, Thyroid gland, Hepatitis, Autoimmune disease, Human, Clinical biology, Biomedical data processing, Biomedical engineering
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0435084
Code Inist : 002B24O14. Création : 22/03/2000.