The changing fortunes of clinical approaches to risk assessment in the forensic and mental health fields are reviewed.
A prospective study of medium-term clinical risk forecasting in a forensic setting is described, using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) to evaluate the judgements of the multi-disciplinary teams.
The accuracy of consensus predictions of patient-related risks was found to be comparable with actuarially based studies over similar time-scales, although some low base-rate events eluded prediction.
The study reasserts a role for clinical judgement in risk assessment, but recognizes that evaluation of risk assessment activity in care settings is methodologically confounded by subsequent risk management interventions.
Studies of how clinicians proceed from the former process to the latter may prove a more fruitful direction for future research in forensic settings.
Mots-clés Pascal : Psychiatrie médicolégale, Hôpital psychiatrique, Aptitude professionnelle, Evaluation, Risque, Personnel sanitaire, Santé mentale, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Forensic psychiatry, Psychiatric hospital, Vocational aptitude, Evaluation, Risk, Health staff, Mental health, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0433526
Code Inist : 002B18G. Création : 22/03/2000.