Market factors and the availability of community pharmacies.
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between the availability of community pharmacies and 4 types of market factors.
A composite data set was created that linked, at the county level, data on :
(1) type and number of pharmacies ;
(2) population characteristics ;
(3) payer variables ;
(4) health care system factors ;
and (5) competitive factors.
In this exploratory study, secondary data were used to assess the association between the availability of community pharmacies and the influence of market factors.
To assess the market influences on availability of community pharmacies, 2 regressions were performed.
In 1 model, the number of community pharmacies per 10,000 population was the dependent variable, whereas the dependent variable in the other regression was the proportion of independently owned community pharmacies.
The independent variables in each regression were the market factors-population characteristics, payer variables, health care system factors, and competitive variables.
Squared terms were included for 8 of 15 market factors to account for nonlinearities in the relationships.
Multiple market factors were correlated with both the number of community pharmacies and the proportion of independently owned pharmacies in an area.
Several of the relationships were not linear and changed direction within the range of data. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Pharmacie officine, Implantation, Système santé, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Drugstore, Implantation, Health system, United States, North America, America
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0431913
Code Inist : 002B30A05. Création : 22/03/2000.