Many establishments serve alcoholic beverages to obviously intoxicated patron despite laws against such sales To guide the development of interventions to reduce these illegal alcohol sales, this study used actors feigning intoxication to determine whether servers recognized obvious signs of intoxication and to assess the tactics servers used when dealing with intoxicated patrons.
Male actors ages 30 to 50 acted out signs of obvious intoxication as they attempted to purchase alcoholic beverages.
If served during the first attempt, these pseudo-intoxicated buyers made second purchase attempts curing the same visit.
Observers accompanied the actors ; after each visit, actors and observers recorded the servers'behavior and comments Results.
Alcoholic beverages were served to actors portraying intoxicated patrons at 68% of first purchase attempts and 53% of second purchase attempts (62% of a total of 106 purchase attempts).
The most common refusal technique was a direct refusal (68% of refusals), made with either no excuse or with reference to the actors'apparent intoxication level.
Servers second most commonly used refusal technique was offering alcohol-free beverages, such as coffee or water (18% of refusals). (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Boisson alcoolisée, Vente, Législation, Intoxication, Ethanol, Employé, Café bar, Evaluation, Formation professionnelle, Refus, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Prévention, Serveur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Alcoholic beverage, Sales, Legislation, Poisoning, Ethanol, Employee, Cafe bar, Evaluation, Occupational training, Denial, Human, United States, North America, America, Prevention
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0431911
Code Inist : 002B30A03B. Création : 22/03/2000.