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  1. Deafness and mortality : Analyses of linked data from the National Health Interview Survey and National Death Index.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To examine the association between age at onset of deafness and mortality.

    Methods

    Tne authors analyzed National Health Interview Survey data from 990 and 1991-the years the Hearing Supplement was administeredinked with National Death Index data for 1990-1995.

    Adjusting for sociodemographic variables and health status the authors compared the mortality of three groups of adults ages >=19 years : those with prelingua onset of deafness (<= age 3 years), those with postlingual onset of deafness (>age 3 years), and a representative sample of the general population.

    Results

    Multivariate analyses adjusted for sociodemographics and stratified by age found that adults with post ngual onset of deafness were more likely to die in the given time frames than non-deaf adults.

    However, when analyses were also adjusted for Health status, there was no difference between adults with postlingual onset of deafness and a control group of non-deaf adults.

    No differences in mortality were found between adults with prelingual onset of deafness and non-deaf adults.

    Conclusions

    Adults with postlingual onset of deafness appear to have higher mortality than non-deaf adults, which may be attributable to their lower self-reported health status.

    Mots-clés Pascal : Mortalité, Surdité, Age, Epidémiologie, Interaction, Homme, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, ORL pathologie, Trouble audition

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Mortality, Hearing loss, Age, Epidemiology, Interaction, Human, United States, North America, America, ENT disease, Auditory disorder

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0431611

    Code Inist : 002B10D02. Création : 22/03/2000.