Gender differences in correlates of depressive symptoms in adolescents.
To determine :
(a) what demographic and psychosocial factors are associated with elevated levels of depressive symptoms in adolescence ;
(b) whether girls and boys show different profiles of correlates and probable risk factors for depressive symptoms ;
and (c) what the implications are of these results for future research directions and policy decisions.
Using a nationally representative sample of adolescent school students in Grades 5-12, the Commonwealth Fund Adolescent Health Survey assessed depressive symptoms as well as a number of variables posited to be risk factors and correlates of depression.
Depressive symptoms were found to differ by gender, age, socioeconomic status, and ethnicity.
In addition, life stress, social support, and coping were associated with depressive symptoms.
Importantly, stress and social support appear to be particularly salient aspects of depression among girls.
Both physical and sexual abuse were strongly linked with depression for both boys and girls, with sexual abuse having a stronger impact among boys.
Finally, high levels of depressive symptoms were associated with increased use of both mental and physical health care resources among boys and girls.
The correlates of depression in this adolescent sample closely resemble those seen in adult samples, including demographic and psychosocial variables. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat dépressif, Adolescent, Homme, Etude comparative, Sexe, Prévalence, Epidémiologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Facteur sociodémographique, Santé mentale, Trouble humeur
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Depression, Adolescent, Human, Comparative study, Sex, Prevalence, Epidemiology, United States, North America, America, Sociodemographic factor, Mental health, Mood disorder
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0429935
Code Inist : 002B18C07A. Création : 22/03/2000.