From September 1991-January 1992, there was a measles epidemic in an established refugee camp for 7000 Vietnamese'Boat People'living in Hong Kong.
This 16 week outbreak occurred against a backdrop of poor uptake of measles vaccination and overcrowded living conditions.
Two hundred and sixty-two children were affected (155 boys, 107 girls) ; 235 children (89.7%) were<2 years old, age range 5-39 months.
Children age 6-11 months had the highest crude attack rate (AR) of 54.3%. The highest age specific crude AR was 83.8% in children aged 14 months.
Measles complications affected 234 (89.3%) children.
Sixty-six children (25.2%) were admitted to hospital.
There were two deaths from pneumonia, giving a case fatality rate of 0.76%. Measles control in refugee camps continues to be a public health challenge.
Mots-clés Pascal : Virus rougeole, Morbillivirus, Paramyxovirinae, Paramyxoviridae, Mononegavirales, Virus, Nourrisson, Homme, Enfant, Réfugié, Rougeole, Virose, Infection, Vaccin, Epidémiologie, Surveillance sanitaire, Diagnostic, Prévalence, Peau pathologie, Hong Kong, Chine, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Measles virus, Morbillivirus, Paramyxovirinae, Paramyxoviridae, Mononegavirales, Virus, Infant, Human, Child, Refugee, Measles, Viral disease, Infection, Vaccine, Epidemiology, Sanitary surveillance, Diagnosis, Prevalence, Skin disease, Hong Kong, China, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0429492
Code Inist : 002B05C02B. Création : 22/03/2000.