A pilot study to determine the microbiological quality of unpasteurized milk from goats and ewes sampled from farm shops, health food shops, and other retail premises found that 47%, (47/100) of goats'and 50% (13/26) of ewes'milk samples failed the standards prescribed by the Dairy Products (Hygiene) Regulations 1995.
In addition, Staphylococcus aureus, haemolytic streptococci or enterococci, were present in excess of 102 c.f.u./ml in 9 (7%) 2 (2%) and 19 (15%) samples, respectively.
Salmonella, campylobacter, verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157 : H7 and Listeria monocytogenes were not detected in the samples.
At the time of purchase approximately half of the milk samples (58%) were frozen, the rest were liquid.
Farm outlets sold predominantly liquid milk, other retail premises sold a frozen product.
The microbiological quality of goats'and ewes'milk, whether frozen or liquid, was not significantly different.
Milk sold from farm shops was of lower quality than that from health food shops and other retail premises.
In this pilot study most producers (92%) supplied, and most retailers (76%) sold unpasteurized goats'and ewes'milk that contained unacceptable levels of indicator organisms.
The study was carried out during the winter when goats'milk production is reduced.
The results indicate the need for a full representative study of unpasteurized goats'and ewes'milk on retail sale throughout the year.
Mots-clés Pascal : Bactérie, Lait chèvre, Lait brebis, Lait cru, Analyse qualitative, Dénombrement, Identification, Surveillance sanitaire, Risque infectieux, Contamination biologique, Angleterre, Grande Bretagne, Royaume Uni, Europe, Pays de Galles
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Bacteria, Goat milk, Ewe milk, Raw milk, Qualitative analysis, Enumeration(counting), Identification, Sanitary surveillance, Infectious risk, Biological contamination, England, Great Britain, United Kingdom, Europe, Wales
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0428272
Code Inist : 002B30A01C. Création : 22/03/2000.