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  1. Determinants of shoulder and elbow flexion range : Results from the San Antonio longitudinal study of aging.

    Article - En anglais

    Objective

    To gain a knowledge of factors associated with impaired upper extremity range of motion (ROM) in order to understand pathways that lead to disability, Methods.

    Shoulder and elbow flexion range was measured in a cohort of 695 community-dwelling subjects aged 65 to 74 years, Associations between subjects'shoulder and elbow flexion ranges and their demographic and anthropometric characteristics, as well as the presence of diabetes mellitus or self-reported physician diagnosed arthritis, were examined using maltivariate regression models.

    The relationship between shoulder or elbow flexion range and subjects'functional reach was examined to explore the functional significance of ROM in these joints.

    Results

    The flexion range for the 4 joints studied was at least 120° in nearly all subjects (>=99% of the subjects for each of the 4 joints).

    Multivariate models revealed significant associations between male sex, Mexican American ethnic background, the use of oral hypoglycemic drugs or insulin to treat diabetes mellitus, and a lower shoulder flexion range.

    A lower elbow flexion range was associated with male sex, increasing body mass index, and the use of oral hypoglycemic drugs or insulin.

    A higher shoulder or elbow flexion range was associated with a lower likelihood of having a short functional reach.

    Conclusions

    The great majority of community-dwelling elderly have a flexion range of shoulder and elbow joints that can be considered functional. (...)

    Mots-clés Pascal : Fonction articulaire, Epaule, Coude, Flexion, Echelle mesure, Vieillissement, Epidémiologie, Etude longitudinale, Ethnie, Personne âgée, Homme, Facteur risque, Amplitude mouvement

    Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Articular function, Shoulder, Elbow, Bending, Measurement scale, Ageing, Epidemiology, Follow up study, Ethnic group, Elderly, Human, Risk factor, Range of motion

    Logo du centre Notice produite par :
    Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique

    Cote : 99-0425875

    Code Inist : 002B15I. Création : 22/03/2000.