Liver transplantation has become an established therapeutic option for patients with life-threatening liver disease.
The aim of the present study was to analyse the results of and developments in liver transplantation in the Nordic countries during a 15-year period.
Data on all patients receiving a liver allograft in the Nordic countries during 1982-98 and waiting list data for all patients listed for a liver transplantation after 1989 were obtained from the Nordic Liver Transplantation Registry.
A total of 1485 first liver transplantations were performed during 1982-98.
The annual number of first liver transplantations increased steadily up to 1993, thereafter remaining around 150-170 per year.
There are major differences between countries both in the number of transplants adjusted to populations performed per year, with more than twice as many performed in Sweden as in Norway, and in the relative distribution of patients in accordance with diagnosis.
The number of patients more than 60 years old increased and comprised 13% - 14% of the total patient population during 1996-98.
Primary biliary cirrhosis, primary sclerosing cholangitis, acute hepatic failure, malignant liver disease, and alcoholic cirrhosis are the five most frequent diagnoses.
The over-all 1-year patient survival probability has increased from 66% among patients receiving a transplant in 1982-89 to 83% in 1995-1998. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Homotransplantation, Foie, Prévalence, Indication, Etiopathogénie, Critère sélection, Résultat, Amélioration, Homme, Pays Scandinaves, Europe, Transplantation, Chirurgie, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie, Organisation santé
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Homotransplantation, Liver, Prevalence, Indication, Etiopathogenesis, Selection criterion, Result, Improvement, Human, Scandinavia, Europe, Transplantation, Surgery, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease, Public health organization
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0424364
Code Inist : 002B25G03. Création : 22/03/2000.