Accurate assessment of body composition in infants and children is fundamental to understanding normal growth and development.
Validation of methods applicable to pediatric populations is needed.
In the absence of a gold standard, this study was conducted to compare methods using total body water, total body potassium, total body electrical conductivity, and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry measurements for the estimation of body fat mass in infants and toddlers.
Repeated body composition measurements were performed on 76 healthy term infants at 0.5,3,6,9,12,18, and 24 months of age.
Total body water was determined by deuterium dilution and converted to fat-free mass.
Total body electrical conductivity was used to measure fat mass.
Total body potassium was estimated by whole-body counting and converted to fat-free mass.
Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry was used to estimate fat mass at 0.5,12, and 24 months only.
Data were analyzed by repeated measures analysis of variance, followed by Bonferroni multiple comparisons at 5%. Results : Significant differences among methods were encountered at each age (p=0.001-0.05).
The rank order of the methods and the magnitude of the method differences were a function of age, not of gender or infant feeding mode.
Wide limits of agreement imply that the methods are not interchangeable for group or individual measurements. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Masse grasse, Etude comparative, Nourrisson, Homme, Composition corporelle, Eau, Potassium, Absorptiométrie biphotonique, Rayon X, Précision mesure, Conductivité électrique, Total, Allure, PAS, Méthodologie, Etats Unis, Amérique du Nord, Amérique, Métabolisme, Lipide, Technique
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Fat mass, Comparative study, Infant, Human, Body composition, Water, Potassium, Dual energy absorptiometry, X ray, Measurement accuracy, Electrical conductivity, Total, Gait, Methodology, United States, North America, America, Metabolism, Lipids, Technique
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0424263
Code Inist : 002A16D02. Création : 22/03/2000.