Background To assess the impact of water sanitation and sewage disposal, part of a major environmental control programme in Rio de Janeiro, we carried out sero-prevalence studies for Hepatitis A virus (HAV) in three micro-regions in Rio de Janeiro.
Each region varied with regard to level of sanitation.
We are interested in assessing the discriminating power of age-specific prevalence curves for HAV as a proxy for improvement in sanitation.
These curves will serve as baseline information to future planned surveys as the sanitation programme progresses.
Methods Incidence rate curves from prevalence data are estimated parametrically via a Weibull-like survival function, and non-parametrically via maximum likelihood and monotonic splines.
Sera collected from children and adults in the three areas are used to detect antibodies against HAV through ELISA.
Results We compare baseline incidence curves at the three sites estimated by the three methods.
We observe a strong negative correlation between level of sanitation and incidence rates for HAV infection.
Incidence estimates yielded by the parametric and non-parametric approaches tend to agree at early ages in the micro-region showing the best level of sanitation and to increasingly disagree in the other two.
Conclusion Our results support the choice of HAV as a sentinel disease that is associated with level of sanitation. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Hépatite virale A, Virose, Infection, Homme, Age, Brésil, Amérique du Sud, Amérique, Epidémiologie, Incidence, Surveillance sanitaire, Etude multicentrique, Exploration immunologique, Technique ELISA, Etude comparative, Etat sanitaire, Eau potable, Appareil sanitaire, Statut socioéconomique, Appareil digestif pathologie, Foie pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Viral hepatitis A, Viral disease, Infection, Human, Age, Brazil, South America, America, Epidemiology, Incidence, Sanitary surveillance, Multicenter study, Immunological investigation, ELISA assay, Comparative study, Health status, Drinking water, Plumbing fixture, Socioeconomic status, Digestive diseases, Hepatic disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0423747
Code Inist : 002B05C02G. Création : 22/03/2000.