The serum cholesterol level at a young age is considered to be a significant factor in the high prevalence of coronary heart disease.
Seven hundred and ninety-six females, moan age 18.9 (18~22), participated in both blood sampling and a nutritional survey.
The nutritional survey was carried out in 1995 by the 24-hour recall method to determine the individual food consumption.
The BMI, serum total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and triglyceride were 20.8 (SE 0.08) kg/m2,181 (SE 1.0) mg/dL, 60 (SE 0.4) mg/dL, 66 (SE 1.2) mg/dL, respectively.
Higher than normal levels of total cholesterol (>200 mg/dL) and Lp (a) (>30mg/dL) were obtained in 22.1% and 19.3% of the subjects, respectively.
The total energy intake was 1700 kcal/day, twenty-seven% of which was derived from fat and 46% from cereals.
In a multiple regression analysis, the serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol were found to be significantly associated with the BMI as well as the simple carbohydrate and fat energy ratio, respectively, whereas the HDL showed a significantly negative correlation with the BMI.
The triglyceride level was associated with the BMI.
These results suggests that the BMI, fat energy ratio and simple carbohydrate intake, such as cakes and beverages, appear to be the main factors influencing of hyperlipidemia in young Japanese females.
Mots-clés Pascal : Etat nutritionnel, Lipémie, Cholestérol HDL, Triglycéride, Indice masse corporelle, Fréquence, Consommation alimentaire, Glucide, Epidémiologie, Alimentation, Comportement alimentaire, Lipide, Adulte jeune, Homme, Femelle, Japon, Asie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Nutritional status, Lipemia, Cholesterol HDL, Triglyceride, Body mass index, Frequency, Food intake, Carbohydrate, Epidemiology, Feeding, Feeding behavior, Lipids, Young adult, Human, Female, Japan, Asia
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0422017
Code Inist : 002B29B. Création : 22/03/2000.