To investigate whether gravidograms and fetal growth curves should be customized, i.e. tailor made for a specific ethnic group.
A cross-sectional study of 800 pregnant Xhosa women attending antenatal care in the Eastern Cape Province (South Africa).
The data measured was used to compare the correlation between the symphysis-fundus height measurement (SFHM) and the sonographic estimate of gestational age (SEGA), as well as the intra-uterine fetal growth curve with existing gravidograms and fetal growth charts.
There was a good correlation between the SFHM and the SEGA : r=0.91 (P<0.0001).
The correlation between the SFHM and the sonographic estimate of fetal weight (SEFW) yielded a correlation coefficient (r) of 0.40 (P<0.0001).
The correlation between the SEFW and SEGA resulted in a r=0.97 (P<0.0001).
The customized gravidogram and fetal growth chart followed the general trend seen in their Caucasian equivalents.
The comparison of our customized gravidogram and intra-uterine fetal growth curve with similar charts established in Caucasians does not show any significant difference.
Mots-clés Pascal : Hypotrophie foetale, Développement foetal, Age gestation, Poids corporel, Foetus, Mesure, Hauteur, Utérus, Courbe, Epidémiologie, Ethnie, Variation, Etude comparative, Homme, République Sud Africaine, Afrique, Surveillance, Gestation pathologie, Foetus pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Intrauterine growth retardation, Fetal development, Gestational age, Body weight, Fetus, Measurement, Height, Uterus, Curve, Epidemiology, Ethnic group, Variations, Comparative study, Human, South Africa(Republic), Africa, Surveillance, Pregnancy disorders, Fetal diseases
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0419234
Code Inist : 002B20F01. Création : 22/03/2000.