Exercise self-efficacy and its correlates among socioeconomically disadvantaged older adults.
Self-efficacy has been shown to be one of the strongest, mutable predictors of exercise behavior.
This report presents data on exercise self-efficacy and outcome expectations and their correlates within a stratified random sample of 729 urban, lower-income primary-care patients age 55 and older.
Exercise self-efficacy scores were greater among persons with current exercise, no pain or fear of shortness of breath with exercise, and good self-rated health.
Higher outcome expectations scores were associated with verbal persuasion from a doctor or from family and friends and positive attitudes and knowledge of exercise.
Sociodemographic characteristics, environmental factors, and intrapersonal factors accounted for 31% of the variance in self-efficacy, but just 13% of the variance in outcome expectations.
Further work on potential correlates and their measurement is needed to identify determinants of both outcome expectations and self-efficacy.
Mots-clés Pascal : Exercice physique, Statut socioéconomique, Facteur risque, Comportement, Personne âgée, Homme
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Physical exercise, Socioeconomic status, Risk factor, Behavior, Elderly, Human
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0414396
Code Inist : 002B30A11. Création : 22/03/2000.