Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was formally identified among injecting drug users (IDUs) in 1981, and research on preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection among drug injectors began shortly thereafter.
At the time this research was begun, there was a general assumption that drug users (who were called drug abusers at that time) were too self-destructive and their behavior too chaotic for them to change their behavior to avoid infection with HIV.
This chapter reviews the history of research on implementation of programs for prevention of HIV infection among IDUs.
Reviews of both research and program implementation research were conducted.
Consultative discussions of issues and findings were conducted with researchers in the United States and other countries.
An extremely large amount of useful information has accumulated during the past IS years.
We now know that the great majority of IDUs will change their injecting behavior in response to the threat of AIDS and that these behavior changes are effective in reducing HIV transmission among drug injectors.
Additional insight is needed regarding the apparent insufficiency of some prevention programs to control HIV, the transmission dynamics of rapid HIV spread, and the persistence of moderate to high incidence of HIV infection in high seroprevalence populations. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Programme sanitaire, Prévention, Facteur risque, Evolution, Evaluation, Homme, Article synthèse, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Sanitary program, Prevention, Risk factor, Evolution, Evaluation, Human, Review, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0414239
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 22/03/2000.