Community-based outreach to drug injectors is an important component of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention strategy.
The purpose of this chapter is to evaluate the effectiveness of community-based outreach HIV intervention that has been implemented in two locations in the city of Madras, India, to reduce risk behaviors for HIV transmission.
Baseline data were collected for street-recruited injecting drug users (IDUs) at two outreach locations in Madras, India (n=250), and follow-up data are available at 18 months (n=61).
Baseline (n=150) and follow-up data (n=87) were obtained from a control group of IDUs recruited from locations at which outreach services were not utilized.
Significant decline in injecting risk behavior was noted at 18-month follow-up from baseline for the IDUs recruited from outreach locations.
Results indicate that outreach services for drug users produce significant changes in injecting risk behavior but that sexual risk behavior is difficult to change.
There are problems in implementing and evaluating the interventions, and the research findings are limited because HIV serodata were not studied for all participants.
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Facteur risque, Comportement, Education santé, Prévention, Evaluation, Etude comparative, Santé communautaire, Homme, Inde, Asie, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Risk factor, Behavior, Health education, Prevention, Evaluation, Comparative study, Community health, Human, India, Asia, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0414226
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 22/03/2000.