Over the past decade, a body of observational research has accrued about the effects of outreach-based human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) interventions for drug users.
The authors reviewed the findings related to postintervention behavior changes and integrated findings across studies to provide the best estimate of program impact.
The authors conducted a computerized literature search to locate published accounts of HIV intervention effects on drug users.
Thirty-six publications covered outreach-based HIV risk reduction interventions for out-of-treatment injecting drug users (IDUs) and reported intervention effects on HIV-related behaviors or HIV seroincidence.
Two-thirds of the publications reported that participation in street-based outreach interventions was followed with office-based HIV testing and counseling.
The authors described the theoretical underpinnings of outreach intervention components, the content of the interventions, and the outcome measures that investigators used most frequently.
The authors also described and critiqued the evaluation study designs that were in place. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : SIDA, Virose, Infection, Toxicomanie, Voie intraveineuse, Education santé, Programme sanitaire, Comportement, Changement, Prévention, Facteur risque, Evaluation, Homme, Revue bibliographique, Immunopathologie, Immunodéficit
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : AIDS, Viral disease, Infection, Drug addiction, Intravenous administration, Health education, Sanitary program, Behavior, Change, Prevention, Risk factor, Evaluation, Human, Bibliographic review, Immunopathology, Immune deficiency
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0414223
Code Inist : 002B05C02D. Création : 22/03/2000.