Stroke mortality is extremely high in Central-Eastern European countries.
We report basic characteristics of a stroke unit in Eastern Hungary, including age and sex distribution ; the proportion of transient ischemic attacks (TIA), ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes ; case fatality ; application of diagnostic methods ; and length of stay for all patients treated with acute cerebrovascular disease over a 12-month period.
Records of all patients with acute cerebrovascular disease (n=522) discharged in 1995 from a stroke unit with a well defined catchment area of 220,000 inhabitants in Eastern Hungary were retrospectively analyzed.
Case fatality was 18.6% for all patients and 21.1% after excluding cases with TIA.
Computer tomography, duplex carotid ultrasound, cerebrospinal fluid examination and electroencephalography were performed in 79%, 77%, 7% and 2% of the patients, respectively.
The database of the university hospital with the same catchment area was electronically searched for patients who were discharged with the diagnosis of stroke from the three departments of internal medicine.
Stroke mortality data of the catchment area based on death certificates was obtained from the Central Statistical Bureau.
Two hundred twenty-eight stroke deaths were reported in the catchment area in 1995.
In the same period 97 stroke deaths occurred at the stroke unit and 76 at the departments of internal medicine. (...)
Mots-clés Pascal : Accident cérébrovasculaire, Hospitalisation, Epidémiologie, Mortalité, Homme, Hongrie, Europe, Système nerveux pathologie, Système nerveux central pathologie, Encéphale pathologie, Cérébrovasculaire pathologie, Appareil circulatoire pathologie, Vaisseau sanguin pathologie
Mots-clés Pascal anglais : Stroke, Hospitalization, Epidemiology, Mortality, Human, Hungary, Europe, Nervous system diseases, Central nervous system disease, Cerebral disorder, Cerebrovascular disease, Cardiovascular disease, Vascular disease
Notice produite par :
Inist-CNRS - Institut de l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Cote : 99-0414012
Code Inist : 002B17C. Création : 22/03/2000.